Story of a Drawing Pen Ink
In fine arts, the term ink and pen mentions the drawing process involving the use of black and also other types of coloured inks which are applicable to a support commonly paper with either a reservoir pen or dip pen. This is traditional and versatile medium and which has been used by Western artists since ancient Egyptian times, for finished drawings sketches or any kind of wash and ink paintings. It is also one of the main mediums involved in illustrating the book and also in Surrealist automatic drawing.
Ink has a large influence on our daily lives; it is something that is commonly goes unnoticed, and we frequently take the use of ink for granted. Ink has left its spot on everything from religious documents to prosperity cookies. Antique cultures will work towards creating embryonic forms of ink to paint on cave walls, animal skins and also even on their bodies. Have you ever speculated where ink comes from? How has it developed into the regular structures we utilize today?
The development of ink genuinely upset human life. Sometime before Gutenberg disentangled the printing procedure, antiquated societies in Egypt, Greece and Asia utilized ink for making written by hand original copies, religious and political reports and masterpieces. Ink gave individuals a perpetual intends to keep records, make compositions and archive their general surroundings. Ink as a modern masterful medium grew at some point between the seventh and eighth hundreds of years in China, where a scope of subjects, from religion, history and every day life, were shown utilizing brushes molded from creature hair and plumes. Connected to looks of paper or sheets of silk, these point by point masterpieces were harbingers to the moving toward improvement of pen and ink illustrations.
There are 3 main types of Inks. One using binder and pigments. Next one uses dyes such that found in a fountain pen. And the final one uses a chemical precipitation like iron gall ink.
Ancient Chinese and Egyptian civilizations both developed the ink in this time. They created the ink using lamp black or fine carbon particles. These kind of early pioneers also worked with the glues or gums for acting as a bonding agent. Although ink is invented in China, India got the name since the source of the materials used for creating the ink is came from India.
23RD BC CENTURY
The Chinese would grind natural plant dyes and minerals with the water, then applied it into ink brushes.
4th CENTURY BC
INDIA ink is become a popular medium in China. India ink is made up of tar, burnt bones and pitch- commonly written with sharp pointed needles.
3rd CENTURY BC- 68AD
Earliest examples of India ink were found on the DEAD sea scrolls; a collection of biblical documents found northeast of the Dead Sea.
FIRST CENTURIES BC
PAPYRUS SCROLLS, made of the pith of a papyrus plant, gained popularity as a writing platform in Egypt.
800- 1500 AD
In medical Europe, scribes used VELLUM or PARCHMENT as a writing platform like cotton which is considered low quality.
5th-15th CENTURY AD
During the middle ages, iron gall inks and carbon inks were commonly used. Carbon inks are made up of scoot or lamp black and bound with animal glue or gum Arabic. Iron gall ink is made up of tannic acids and iron salts from vegetable sources. This is the standard ink in Europe and used from 12th century to 19th century.
6th CENTURY AD
the invention of the Quill pen is during this time. This ink is made up of a melted flight feather; the quill pen was the initial writing utensil in the western world from 6th century to the 19th century and was well-matched with vellum and parchment.
The Reservoir pen known as the first fountain pen was introduced as a result of an Egyptian ruler demanding a pen which would not be stain his clothes.
JOHANNES GUTTENBERG invented the oil based ink which was more suitable than the water based inks of the time for printing with the metal type of his printing press.
English Chemist William Henry Parkin, when trying to find out a cure for malaria, invented synthetic dyes which could be applied to ink. This would then become commercially applicable for dyeing ink.
German chemists Schlutigg and Neumann published a formula in which they thought was the good recipe for iron gall ink.
19th CENTURY AD
Most of the artists developed a procedure for a four colour print. Before digital printing, an image was photographed three times with a filter for each of the colour. Today, this printing method is referred to as CMYK or four colour procedure.
Schlutigg and Neumann’s equation was acknowledged by the territory of Massachusetts as a standard ink for the greater part of the official archives and as then acknowledged by the legislature of United States of America.
CMYK refers to the four inks used in the four colour printing procedure such as cyan, magenta, yellow, and key or black.
INKJET PRINTERS were invented by Hewlett of Packard Canon and Epson. Along with these kind of printers came different types of inks such as solvent, aqueous, UV curable, dye sublimation inks.
This is the ink technology used in the computer printers. It is created by melting ink sticks which are loaded into a printer and is a procedure same as that of offset printing.
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